Tag Archives: AIDS

Five Stories You Might Have Missed

The world is preparing for the upcoming G20 summit, scheduled to meet in London later this week. While each country is arriving at the meeting with their own objectives, it is clear that the global financial crisis will dominate discussions. In this context, the main issues on the table appear to resolve around three key policy debates: developing a globally coordinated stimulus package, strengthening global financial regulation, and reforming the international financial architecture, particularly the International Monetary Fund. Police are preparing for widespread tens of thousands of protestors accompanying the meeting.

In other news from the previous week:

1. President Barack Obama on Friday announced that the U.S. would expand its commitment in Afghanistan, sending an additional 4,000 troops to train Afghan security forces. The Obama administration is also hoping to refocus the U.S. mission in Afghanistan, moving away from the nebulous mission of national building and democratization and instead focusing on defeating al-Qaeda and Taliban militants operating along the Afghan-Pakistan border. FT blogger Gideon Rachman raises some important questions about the new strategy, pointing out that bringing the fight to al-Qaeda militants in Pakistan may well undermine the stability of Pakistan—an ultimately self-defeating strategy, he argues.

2. After struggling for weeks to secure a coalition government, incoming Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was able to convince their center-left rival, the Labour party, to join a new coalition government on Tuesday. Netanyahu hoped to bring the center-left Labour party into the coalition in order to avoid allying with a number of far right parties and running the risk of souring relations with the U.S.  Nevertheless, the new government raises concerns among many Palestinian leaders about the future prospects of the peace process.

3. The medical journal the Lancet offered a powerful criticism of Pope Benedict’s recent speech during a trip to Cameroon and Angola. During the visit earlier this month, the Pope claimed that condom use increased the prevalence of AIDS on the continent. After the World Health Organization and other AIDS experts attacked the claim, the Vatican last week issued a statement that reasserted the Pope’s claim that condom use was both ethically wrong and actually exacerbated the AIDS crisis. The condom/AIDS debacle is just the recent in a series of missteps and controversies that have plagued the current Pope. In February, he lifted the excommunication of four ultra-conservative clerics who denied the holocaust. And in 2006, he quoted a fourteenth century emperor who characterized Islam as “evil and inhumane.”

4. On a Thursday press conference with British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Brazil’s President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva told reporters, “This [current global economic] crisis was caused by the irrational behaviour of white people with blue eyes, who before the crisis appeared to know everything and now demonstrate that they know nothing…I do not know any black or indigenous bankers so I can only say [it is wrong] that this part of mankind which is victimised more than any other should pay for the crisis.” Brown immediately sought to distance himself from the comments. But the comments underline the potential difficulty of securing agreement at the upcoming G20 meeting, in which Argentina and Brazil will be pushing for reform of the international financial institutions and campaigning against protectionist policies in the developed world.

5. German Chancellor Angela Merkel cautioned against excessive stimulus spending in Europe while at the same time calling on China to expand its stimulus package in an effort to address the global financial crisis. In an interview given in anticipating of the upcoming G20 summit, Merkel argued that the current crisis was caused, in part, by policies which facilitated unsustainable growth with too much money. She argued it was necessary to avoid repeating those mistakes in the recovery. Spain’s finance minister, Pedro Solbes, on Friday said that Spain would not be able to expand its own stimulus spending, fearing that excessive national debt would undermine future economic prospects.

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Five Stories You Might Have Missed

The terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India’s financial center and most populous city, has dominated recent headlines.  The attacks claimed at least 192 lives and have the potential to undermine both Indian economic development and the warming of Indian-Pakistani relations. The political fallout is also likely to be steep.  Already, Shivraj Patil, India’s Home Minister, has resigned, and many are speculating that the attacks may cost India’s ruling Congress Party dearly at the polls.

Here are five other important stories from the past week:

1.  Barbara Hogan, the new Minister of Health in South Africa, has announced a new program to address the HIV/AIDS crisis.  Under the program, the South African government will expand its support for its anti-HIV program with the help of the British government.  South Africa has the highest rate of HIV inflection in the world; an estimated 1 out of every 8 Sought Africans is HIV positive.  But the administration of previous President Thabo Mbeki had refused to acknowledge the connection between HIV and AIDS, choosing to treat HIV with traditional healers rather than conventional medicine.  South African AIDS activists are celebrating the new program.

2.  Ethiopia has announced its intention to withdraw its troops from Somalia by the end of the year.  Ethiopia has maintained a force of 2,000 to 3,000 soldiers in Somalia since 2006, when it invaded in order to oust Islamic militants who had seized power.  But the interim government of Somalia has been unable to assert authority outside of a small region in the capital, and the African Union has not fully funded its peacekeeping operation in the country.  Somalia has become a failed state, home to piracy which threatens shipping through the Suez Canal.  Some have speculated that the announcement of the Ethiopian withdrawal is intended to put pressure on the United Nations to establish a new peacekeeping operation in Somalia.

3.  Flooding near the Port of Itajai, one of Brazil’s most important ports, threatens to undermine Brazil’s agricultural exports.  The River Itajai broke its banks, flooding the port and killing at least 100 people.  The flooding threatens to close the port for as long as two weeks, undermining exports from Santa Catarina state, a major exporter of meat and chicken.  The flooding could affect global food prices, potentially rekindling concerns of a global food crisis.

4.  A French program intended to address the global financial crisis has been blocked by European Union officials.  The European Commission, the bureaucracy of the European Union, has refused to permit France to proceed with its plan to recapitalize its banks through a $13.3 billion support package.  The French government has reacted angrily to the veto, calling the decision “stupid” and “ridiculous.”

5.  A European Union probe has concluded that pharmaceutical manufacturers have engaged in unfair practices intended to delay or block the release of generic drugsadding billions to the cost of healthcare.  The investigation involved raids on several of Europe’s leading drug producers leading some to believe that the EU may pursue criminal and civil cases against the largest offenders.