The world is preparing for the upcoming G20 summit, scheduled to meet in London later this week. While each country is arriving at the meeting with their own objectives, it is clear that the global financial crisis will dominate discussions. In this context, the main issues on the table appear to resolve around three key policy debates: developing a globally coordinated stimulus package, strengthening global financial regulation, and reforming the international financial architecture, particularly the International Monetary Fund. Police are preparing for widespread tens of thousands of protestors accompanying the meeting.
In other news from the previous week:
1. President Barack Obama on Friday announced that the U.S. would expand its commitment in Afghanistan, sending an additional 4,000 troops to train Afghan security forces. The Obama administration is also hoping to refocus the U.S. mission in Afghanistan, moving away from the nebulous mission of national building and democratization and instead focusing on defeating al-Qaeda and Taliban militants operating along the Afghan-Pakistan border. FT blogger Gideon Rachman raises some important questions about the new strategy, pointing out that bringing the fight to al-Qaeda militants in Pakistan may well undermine the stability of Pakistan—an ultimately self-defeating strategy, he argues.
2. After struggling for weeks to secure a coalition government, incoming Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was able to convince their center-left rival, the Labour party, to join a new coalition government on Tuesday. Netanyahu hoped to bring the center-left Labour party into the coalition in order to avoid allying with a number of far right parties and running the risk of souring relations with the U.S. Nevertheless, the new government raises concerns among many Palestinian leaders about the future prospects of the peace process.
3. The medical journal the Lancet offered a powerful criticism of Pope Benedict’s recent speech during a trip to Cameroon and Angola. During the visit earlier this month, the Pope claimed that condom use increased the prevalence of AIDS on the continent. After the World Health Organization and other AIDS experts attacked the claim, the Vatican last week issued a statement that reasserted the Pope’s claim that condom use was both ethically wrong and actually exacerbated the AIDS crisis. The condom/AIDS debacle is just the recent in a series of missteps and controversies that have plagued the current Pope. In February, he lifted the excommunication of four ultra-conservative clerics who denied the holocaust. And in 2006, he quoted a fourteenth century emperor who characterized Islam as “evil and inhumane.”
4. On a Thursday press conference with British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Brazil’s President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva told reporters, “This [current global economic] crisis was caused by the irrational behaviour of white people with blue eyes, who before the crisis appeared to know everything and now demonstrate that they know nothing…I do not know any black or indigenous bankers so I can only say [it is wrong] that this part of mankind which is victimised more than any other should pay for the crisis.” Brown immediately sought to distance himself from the comments. But the comments underline the potential difficulty of securing agreement at the upcoming G20 meeting, in which Argentina and Brazil will be pushing for reform of the international financial institutions and campaigning against protectionist policies in the developed world.
5. German Chancellor Angela Merkel cautioned against excessive stimulus spending in Europe while at the same time calling on China to expand its stimulus package in an effort to address the global financial crisis. In an interview given in anticipating of the upcoming G20 summit, Merkel argued that the current crisis was caused, in part, by policies which facilitated unsustainable growth with too much money. She argued it was necessary to avoid repeating those mistakes in the recovery. Spain’s finance minister, Pedro Solbes, on Friday said that Spain would not be able to expand its own stimulus spending, fearing that excessive national debt would undermine future economic prospects.